Monday, May 25, 2020

Planning Leisure Activities for Disadvantaged Groups Essay

When planning leisure activities for disadvantaged groups it is essential to consider both the sociological and psychological factors that may influence participation. A short stay excursion to a Melbourne Cup race can be used to highlight the complexities involved in providing equitable leisure opportunities that combat both low social class and disability. As this excursion will highlight, despite the psychological benefits of leisure, young people with a disability face multiple sociological barriers to leisure choices and participation. When looking at leisure from a sociological perspective it is apparent that poverty restricts involvement in leisure choice and participation, which goes beyond the impacts of disability alone. The high†¦show more content†¦187), and new skills acquired (Sletten, 2010, p. 310). For young people with a disability leisure activities take on added meaning. Participating in the Melbourne Cup stay offered a chance to share in community life, develop a meaningful social role, and acquire new skills to push the boundaries of their personal limitations (Patterson Pegg, 2009, p. 387). Socialising with peers helped the group share common interests with non-disabled youth and break down negative attitudes and social stigma towards disability (Patterson Pegg, 2009, p. 392). This in turn nurtured a sense of normalcy and contributed to social acceptance and belonging (Lundberg, Taniguchi, McCormick, Tibbs, 2011, pp. 207, 212, 213). From a psychological perspective the Melbourne Cup stay served an important role in the development of self-identity and personal empowerment. Optional to attend, the stay was the result of personal choice and provided an opportunity to exercise self-determination and enhance positive self-image (Brown Brown, 2009, pp. 11, 12). The stay supported psychological health where restricted opportunities for personal growth otherwise exist (Patterson Pegg, 2009, pp. 388, 392), and through positive social interactions with peers the thoughts,Show MoreRelatedDtlls Unit 3 Delivering Lifelong Learning – Level 3 Essay1538 Words   |  7 Pageslearning is as Wilson (2009) states is â€Å"about creating interesting, varied and inspiring learning opportunities for all learners; ensuring all learners contribute and are never disadvantaged by methods, language or resources† This is a comprehensive statement and I fully appreciate the fact that learners â€Å"are never disadvantaged by methods, language or resources†. The ICT industry is one such area where as experience as shown that all facets (methods, language and resources) have to be clearly explainedRead MoreThe Effects Of Trauma On Substance Use And Using A Feminist Lens Explored1739 Words   |  7 Pagesinterventions applied a strength-based and trauma informed lens as consistent with best practice. It was my aim to use â€Å"cooperation and mutual support †¦ so that oppressed and disadvantaged people can gain power over their lives† (Payne, 2014, p. 11). Christine was disadvantaged because of her geographic location and disadvantaged by her sex, her education and her socio-economic level. Payne (2014) calls this an â€Å"emancipatory approach† to social work. According to Payne (2014), an empowerment view ofRead MorePoverty And Poverty1559 Words   |  7 Pageseducated and less skilled members of the society (Nation and Heflinger 422). People who lack proper education and skills often tend to be poor and may take drugs as a solution to their problems, but when governments raise the minimum wage for such group of individuals, they will eventually have more disposable income to spend. Much emphasis should be put on raising the minimum wage to the level of the living wage as an approach to reduce poverty and encouraging neighborhoods to shun drugs. Hence,Read MoreThe Foundation Phase Of Non Maintained Sectors2016 Words   |  9 Pagesto play, leisure, sporting and cultural activities† and that no child is â€Å"disadvantaged by any type of poverty.† DCELLS (2008 a) . It creates a holistic curriculum and is cross-curricular so all subjects link together. It is also supposed to help children to engage in practical activities to help them with knowledge and understanding of the World. The Framework for Children’s Learning for 3 to 7-year olds in Wales (The Framework). â€Å"Children learn through first-hand experiential activities with theRead MoreMarketing of Virgin Atlantic2129 Words   |  9 PagesRyanair and Easyjet) are entering the market and taking market share. Because of these new entrants being able to offer much lower prices for travel, established carriers such as Virgin experience a constraint on profitability and are therefore disadvantaged (Dayao, et al., 2009). It is because of this reason that Virgin are now changing their market strategy and concentrating on defining themselves from their competitors by focussing on innovation and improving customer service. Global airline alliancesRead MoreA Brief Note On Gender And Climate Change3247 Words   |  13 Pagesfor men and women. It also shows what is allowed from a man and woman, and these roles and relations increase the rise of ge nder differences. This is to ensure that women and men can equally influence, benefit and participate from development and activities on the ground. In 2008, Gender and Climate Change is featured as one of the critical emerging issues for women especially across the globe according to the United Nations Commission. Climate change causes widespread food and water insecurity, negativeRead More4.3. Global Consumer Tourism and Hospitality Trends The effects of the global calamity may not2100 Words   |  9 Pagesthe highest number of visitor arrivals in 2011 were from Australia. However, the highest number of divers in 2011 was from the Europe continent. The lowest number of tourists who visited Fiji was from Canada (3%) and no one participated in diving activities from Japan. Economic benefits to the villagers from diving The above table shows the income generated through shark diving into Fiji. The shark-diving business in Fiji made a minimum of US $4 million to local people annually. These financialRead MoreStrategic Hr in Samsung5902 Words   |  24 Pagesthe workplace, for examples beliefs, norms and values.† (Bratton and Gold, 2003, p. 4) In the first part of this paper, I will discusses strategic human resource management (SHRM) and its practice in the one of the world’s biggest company Samsung group. And evaluate how Samsung is practicing human resource management. In the second part of the paper discuses HR functions and various models and how Samsung adopt vertical and horizontal integration in their human resource department and then giveRead MoreWilderness Areas are Under Threat Essay2526 Words   |  11 Pagesto a rich and diverse array of cultures spread across the globe. Indigenous peoples are defined as the descendents of those people who inhabited an area before it was colonised by Europeans, or before a modern state was established there. Where groups of indigenous peoples have survived it is often because they live in extreme geographic and climatic conditions – very wet or cold, extremely hot or dry. They are places where colonisers have not wished to settle, and which are so remote and inaccessibleRead MoreMarket Segmentation in Hospitality Research6132 Words   |  25 Pagesin this process is market segmentation, dividing a market into distinct groups of buyers who might require separate products and/or marketing mixes. The company identiï ¬ es different ways to segment the market and develops proï ¬ les of the resulting market segments. One of the most frequently used methods for segmenting a market has been demographic segmentation. Demographic segmentation consists of dividing the market into groups based on demographic variables such as age, gender, family life cycle,

Friday, May 15, 2020

Possible Tattoos Essay examples - 646 Words

SPECIFIC PURPOSE: I would like to inform the class about the history, development and effect of tattoos on society. As well as†¦ THESIS STATEMENT: Understanding the tattoo’s origin, purpose and safety measures that will help students make an informed and healthy decision about their own possible tattoos. INTODUCTION I. ATTENTION GETTER: Catherine Grognard once said, â€Å"The tattoo[ed body] is a unique object- a naà ¯ve and provocative moving fresco.† Take a moment to consider what it means to you, to have the opportunity to be living art, to be living art permanently. Would you jump at chance or run away. II. NEED: In 2002 one in every eight Americans had a tattoo. According to†¦show more content†¦E. English Navy = English culture incorporates tattoos into culture. (TANSITION: Now that you’re more familiar with the tattoo’s historical context, let’s continue to my second point: Reasons why people get tattoos) II. Reasons A. Decorate the body B. Eroticism C. Demonstrate socially valued characteristics; endure pain showing courage and achievement of adulthood D. Religious, the desire for talismanic protection E. Establish Identity, tattoos equal self-definition 1. Ways to express identity a. Tattoo makes connection with a group of related people or category. I. Servicemen who wear insignia II. Gang members with matching tattoos b. Tattoo that implies a relationship with an individual I. Mother II. Lover III. Friend IV. Celebrity c. Self-description d. Unique characteristics (TRANSITION: We just discussed people’s reasons for getting a tattoo now I’ll share my 3rd and final point: How to safely get a tattoo.) III. Tips according to Karen Hudson’s Safety Check List A. Getting the Tattoo 1. Ask to see autoclave(Pressure cooker that cleans all instruments) and sterilization certificate. 2. Artist should be wearing gloves 3. Ask artist about experience 5. New sterileShow MoreRelatedChanging The Perception Of Tattoos Essay1171 Words   |  5 Pages Why do people perceive tattoos as being dangerous, dirty, and generally belonging to a class of â€Å"undesirables?† It could be because people cannot live in a world without narration and stories. Since the dawn of mankind stories have been developed both through natural happenings and casual relations, as well as constructed through characters, themes, language and the meaning of words. The story of tattoos as well as countless others are narratives that have been developed and passed down throughRead MoreWhat Does Morality Have On Do With Tattoos?1695 Words   |  7 PagesWhat Does Morality Have To Do With Tattoos? Coca Cola (2015) did an experiment/ advertisement called, Remove labels this Ramadan, where six people sat in a pitch-black room and engaged in conversation. They each went around the table and described something unique about themselves. One man said he is in a heavy-metal band, the group then depicted what they envisioned him to look like, describing him to have long hair and possible piercings. Another man said he enjoyed reading and studying, particularlyRead MoreA Documentary On Tattoos And How They Affect Human Relationships And Interactions971 Words   |  4 PagesI conducted a survey and three interviews to create a documentary on tattoos and how they affect human relationships and interactions. This paper is an analysis of what it takes to make a documentary. Documentary originates from the word document which means a film or article that records factual information. Documentary means to present facts objectively without editing and adding fictional information (Stott 6). S ome of the first documents are from Benjamin Glassberg in 1938 and Saunders ReddingRead MoreIdaho Minor Body Art Regulations Essay1528 Words   |  7 Pagesfor anyone under the age of eighteen (Idaho Code 18-1523. (2004). It is explained throughout the bill, of how no one under the age of fourteen may acquire any form of tattooing, branding, or body piercing; as well, that no person should knowingly tattoo, brand or perform body piercings on a minor between the ages of fourteen and eighteen years unless the person obtains previous written informed consent of the minors parent or legal guardian (Idaho Code 18-1523. (2004). The policy allows guardiansRead MoreComparative Analysis of the Theories and Methods Used in Inked into Crime? and Nonmainstream Body Modification1504 Words   |  7 Pagesthe Casual Relationships between Tattoos and Life-Course-Offending among males from the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development† (Jennings, Hahn, Farrington 2014) and â€Å"Nonmainstre am Body Modification: Genital Piercing, Branding, Burning, and Cutting† (Myers 1992). Jennings, Hahn, and Farrington’s article investigates the correlation between tattoos and deviant behavior. In addition, the researches ultimately want to discover if the relationship between tattoos and crime may in fact be casual, orRead MoreTattoos And The Tattoo Renaissance1554 Words   |  7 PagesWhen studying the history of tattoos, pinpointing the first time a tattoo was seen was almost impossible to do until 1991. An Iceman, named Otzi, was found by German hikers in 1991. Otzi was found covered with at least 57 tattoos (Huffington Post). This is to show that tattoos have been around for more than fifty-three hundred years. Otzi’s tattoos were discovered to be therapeutic and they consisted of lines and crosses all over the body. The next oldest tattoos were found on the Chinchorro mummyRead MoreTattoos Should Be Allowed in the Workplace Essay1507 Words   |  7 Pages having a tattoo could ruin every hope one has of getting the job. One may ask, â€Å"why does having a tattoo ruin ones chance of getting a job?† A tattoo would ruin one’s chances at getting a job simply because it is wrongly viewed as unprofessional. Starting off as juices and markings, tattoos were nothing more than ways of identification and personalization. Rubbing juices extracted from plants onto your face and arms is the most notable to people. Also using bone needles and pigments to tattoo in aRead MoreThe Overlooked Art : Tattoos A Social Issue1931 Words   |  8 Pages The Overlooked Art: Tattoos a Social Issue When you think of social issues there are many that come to mind ,but there is one that though it effects many is overlooked. That issue is the acceptance of tattoos into our main stream culture. Tattoos actually have a very long history in our culture but in the past, was concentrated in small out of the way pockets of society like the military and criminals. This has slowly started to change and tattoos have started to make their way into the commonplaceRead More Body Modification in America Essay710 Words   |  3 Pagesdifferent levels of high-risk behavior. There are many reasons for individuals to acquire body modifications. One possible reason for body modifications is to gain attention through displays of extravagance such as those that are found in people with histrionic disorder (Durand amp; Barlow, 2000). A study by Burger amp; Finkel (2002) investigated reasons why people adorn their bodies with tattoos and body piercing. They also researched unmodified participants’ perceptions of body art. When the researchersRead MoreComparative analysis Essay1632 Words   |  7 PagesRenegade Image to Thrive In The Mainstream†. Traditionally, tattoos were meant for sailors, soldiers, bikers and gangs. Along with several changes in the industrialized and technological society of the twenty-first century, the standard for getting body modifications have altered as well. Everyday, people are willing to get permanently marked as an individual choice rather than the customarily perception of belonging to a certain group. Tattoo and piercing shops are not seen as â€Å"the backstreet† of the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Agriculture Is The Basis Of The World’S Food Supply. In

Agriculture is the basis of the world’s food supply. In some areas of the world challenges presented by geography, climate, economic instability and government regulations cause agriculture to fall short of the needs of the population. Today hunger affects people throughout the world, and aid and relief programs are not meeting the entirety of demonstrated need. Localized agricultural standard worldwide are the key to a sustainable and geopolitical solution to world hunger. Undernutrition as a result of hunger causes a deficiency of key nutrients which leads to severe health complications. The World Health Organization (WHO) classified vitamin A deficiency as a health problem for one third of children of ages up to 5 years old in 2013,†¦show more content†¦Recently, financial and economic crises have pushed more people into hunger.† Government policies, even those not concerning hunger issues, are leading to increased problems in agricultural production. The effects of the policies often have monetary implications, which leads to the inability to obtain food, and are not always directly related to farming. Since agriculture is the main local combatant of hunger these policies are extremely harmful to the local populations. In The State of Food Insecurity in the World by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, provided a case study on Ghana which states: â€Å"Ghana’s currency lost about 30 percent of its value†¦ means higher import costs for food, fuel and fertilizers, as well as higher debt repayments...Household purchasing power has been reduced as a result of lower prices for selected cash crops, declining remittances and rising inflation, including of food prices.† Financial depressions severely affects any person s ability to obtain food. In countries where agriculture is difficult and on the decline already, new measures need to be taken. Agricultural challenges in certain regions (especially Sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean and Asia) correlate with poverty and hunger rates . In the How to Feed the World publication, The special challenge for sub-Saharan Africa, itShow MoreRelatedThomas Hardin And Julian L. Simon s The Tragedy Of The Commons935 Words   |  4 Pagesrapid increase in the world’s population. Many viewpoints on this debate exist, and two views in particular contradict each other. These viewpoints include those of Garret Hardin and Julian L. Simon. Hardin’s view is expressed in â€Å"The Tragedy of the Commons,† and Simon’s in â€Å"More People, Greater Wealth, More Resources, Healthier Environment.† These debate problems and solutions of the growing population, including the use of natural resources in order to supply the world’s growing population. Read MoreHunger in Haiti1435 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract Haiti is a small Caribbean country with serious hunger problem for many years. Even in 1980s, Haiti had advanced agriculture and hunger problem was far from this country. However, the local wars and conflicts happened in 1990s changed this. Agriculture was disturbed and hunger problem became more and more serious. It has been the key problem of Haitian development so Haitian government and international society have taken lots of measures to improve this situation. The major internationalRead MoreThe world’s population is increasing at a rapid rate. According to Worldometers, by 2050 there will1400 Words   |  6 PagesThe world’s population is increasing at a rapid rate. According to Worldometers, by 2050 there will be a need to feed 9.2 billion people globally ( This translates to an increase in global food production by 70 percent to meet the global goal ( sue/1/8/). However, current food production methods are not sustainable and the amount of arable lands is decreasing. The agriculture industry experiencesRead MoreWhy Canada Should Not Extract Water859 Words   |  4 Pagesseas, lakes, rivers, rain and is the basis of the fluids of living organisms. Water is located all around Canada as it takes up about nine percent of Canada. Canada has about 20 percent of the world’s fresh water however only 7 percent of that is renewable as most is trapped in underground aquifers and glaciers. Canada has about twenty percent of the world’s fresh water resources. Everyone uses water, as it is a basic need to live. Water is also used for agriculture and industrial purposes. Water shouldRead MoreA Book Report on Tom Standages an Edible History of Humanity1138 Words   |  5 PagesWalker and Company, 2010, Print. In the text, An Edible History of Humanity, Tom Standage provides his take on how the past was so deeply affected by food throughout the generations. The book approaches history in a different way altogether: as a sequence of changes caused, influenced or enabled by food. Standage explains that throughout history, food has not only provided sustenance but has also acted as the catalyst of societal organization, social change, economic expansion, military conflict,Read MoreAgriculture And The Industrial Revolution Of The Late 1700s1667 Words   |  7 PagesAs the Earth’s population grows at breakneck pace over the next several decades, who will feed the world’s people? Agriculture has undergone an extensive expansion and transformation throughout the last few centuries, beginning with the Industrial Revolution of the late 1700s. New technology allowed for better and greater methods of production. With the development of modern technology, people try to think some way c an plant less, get more. Many farmers plant only one crop in the same place yearRead MoreGlobal Environmental Environment1118 Words   |  5 Pagesimproving global food security and the environment† by West et. al. presents various actions that can help guide governments and multi level organizations in the quest to feed a growing population in a changing global climate. The paper focuses on four main strategies: improving yields and efficiency on existing croplands, reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, water quality degradation, and water use in agriculture, switching animal feed crop production to human-edible crops, and reducing food waste. TheRead MoreModernization Theory : A Global Food Insecurity1304 Words   |  6 Pagesglobal food insecurity cataclysm by 2050 if the way we produce and distribute food is not changed. According to the World Bank (2013) and the FAO (2012) â€Å" The future needs an agricultural system that produces about 50% more food to feed the w orld’s 9 billion people by 2050†. Scholars differ in their views, but the World Bank has adopted the approach prescribed by Modernization theory (sociologists Max Weber, Herbert Spencer, Émile Durkheim, and Talcott Parsons). Modernization theory, the basis for theRead MoreFood Waste Essay1361 Words   |  6 PagesThere is no clear description regarding food waste in a universal matter either historically or presently, making it perplexing in definition and comparison. What is clear is that food waste continues to grow at a rapid pace with the expansion of a world population experiencing societal and agricultural developments in an era where land and other resources are becoming more limited. The increase in waste and category of foods which people throw away has transformed with time through the advancementRead MoreThe Issues Of Human Population Growth1045 Words   |  5 PagesThe Issues of Human Population Growth Introduction Thesis: The topic of human population growth is an important issue due to its impacts upon people in developing countries, economics, religion, food production, and the environment; without any limitations, population growth can lead to negative consequences, such as famine and environmental destruction, or even positive outcomes, such as potential economic growth. Body Paragraph 1: Developing Countries (Negative) Population growth has been running

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Analyze The Supply Chain Channels Of Uncle Brian’s Tourism Company

Question: Discuss about the Analyze The Supply Chain Channels Of Uncle Brians Tourism Company. Answer: Introduction The main aim of the following report is to analyze the supply chain channels, global logistics and other different strategic management elements of Uncle Brians tourism company. The researcher has started the project with a brief overview of the company and has proceeded with the discussion of the mentioned strategic elements of the company. Overview Uncle Brians is a tourism company based in Queensland of the country Australia. Headquartered in 40a Hannam Street, Cairns, Queensland 4870, Australia the company has a wide reputation both nationally and internationally to conduct rainforest tours ( The tourism company operates tours both to Atherton Tablelands and Cape Tribulation. The most spectacular tour being the Fun Falls and Forest which is a spectacular journey along Arthelon Table land situated in North Queensland. The company operates a special bus known as the Gus, the wonder bus. The bus takes the tourists through stunning scenarios, a lush green rainforest and to exquisite and beautiful backgrounds. The rainforest tour is one of the most famous amongst the foreign individuals as well as the national citizens of the country. The mentioned company is one of the most well reputed tourism companies not only in Queensland but also across the island nation. The reputation of the company has been earned thr ough its well established network and its capability to provide the best possible services to the tourists. Their services start once a tourist books them online. The mentioned company of this report updates all the details of the areas that are to be visited by them and increases an appetite within them to visit the site. The tourists are accompanied by the agents of the company from the airport to the hotel and are provided with all the brochures and necessary details regarding the company and the rainforest tour. On the day of the tour the tourists are picked up from the hotel itse4lf and are taken for the tour. As mentioned earlier the tourists are taken in a special bus to the scenic places of Queensland and finally to the Fun Falls where the people are allowed to bath and have fun. Some of the other interesting places in this part of Queensland include the famous Babinda Boulders which is the famous rainforest of this region, Josephine Falls which is one of the most beautiful falls having the most exclusive swimming hole in Australia, A tea house where the guests are served tea and snacks and other food and beverages, Milla Milla Falls and last but not the least in any ways is the magnificent Lake Eacham which is a volcanic crater lake about a depth of 60 meters (Monczka et al. 2015). Supply chain/logistics management from the source to the customer Tourism is one of the major sources of foreign exchange earners and serves as one of the major economic contributors of any country (Slack, 2015). Tourism is said to be a multi layered industry where the products offered to the consumers are consumed in a very short span of time. The following industry can also be said to be very price sensitive and has a high level of intangibility. Like the other supply chains of the industry tourism also operates in business to business relationships and the supply chain management can be easily applied to deliver sustainability performance improvements alongside a clear financial performance by effectively working out to bring a positive change in the business operations of each and every supplier (Ahi Searcy, 2013). Every business organization has a product to offer for the customer. This provides almost every company with a proper supply chain. The supply chain has an impact on almost every other business function. Supply chain management is the management of almost every single element of the business that consists of information, money and time. The mentioned tourism company in Australia has a clear Supply Chain Logistics Management (Hill, Jones Schilling, 2014). The main aim of the supply chain management is to remove any forms of waste that may occur in the chain and improve the customer service provided to the tourists. The management of Uncle Brians ensures that no such wastes disrupt the smooth flow of the resources. The improved customer service is done by means of interlinked processes that are meant for preferred suppliers and to make sure that there is a bigger turnover (Stadtler, 2015). Reduction of product life cycles, increase in the competition, increase in the competitions have been the major forces that prompted the mentioned company to move away from physical logistics management to more technologically advanced supply chain management. Tourism supply chain of the mentioned company includes a number of different components like bars, restaurants, waste disposal, tea house, bus, fuel suppliers, water costume suppliers, water safety instruments and many others as such ( Uncle Brians takes the tourists to bars and restaurants at the evening to refresh them and help them enjoy the tour (Peppard Ward, 2016). As mentioned earlier the company has a dedicated tea house in the core area of the rainforest which provides the tourists with a variety of food in the midst of the natural environment of the forest. The food is supplied by a eatery house which has a strategic tie up with Uncle Brians. Some of the foods are made by the chefs that are employed by the company itself (Pagell Shevchenko, 2014). The disposal of waste is an area of concern as the leftovers of the food and other items cannot be thrown in the forest and adjacent areas. The company has dedicated waste baskets which are cleared every d ay by the local forest department of the company. Next comes the fuel suppliers of the bus that the tourism company operates to ferry the tourists across the forests and the coastal areas of Queensland. The management of the company has a 6 month tie up with Caltex that is the main supplier of crude oil and fuel for the buses of the company. The company arranges special bath sessions for the tourists who can have a refreshing bath. The swimming costumes and the safety instruments are supplied by a local company which is owned by Uncle Brians. Thus the advanced supplier chain helps the company to conduct successful adventure tours in and around Queensland (Wheelen Hunger, 2017). Linkage between the company Activities and Theories Logistics and Supply Chain Management has a number of different definitions. Some researchers considers Supply chain as a much broader concept as because it consists of the concepts that encompasses logistics, while others understand logistics as comprising Supply Chain Management (Morschett, Schramm-Klein Zentes, 2015). There are lots of theories and activities as well as components involved in the conduction of smooth work by the mentioned company in this research. Thus Supply Chain Management is the main process of initiating the process where the buyer works with the suppliers to effectively carry out smooth business operations. This includes a variety of items like the product designing, planning, operations, logistics, delivery and many other related things with tourism. The company activities are directly related to the supply chain as because the chain helps to identify and supply the perfect products to the suppliers of the company (Touboulic Walker, 2015). To promote the supply chain management the company has to make sure that they establish a robust and well structured business case investment in sustainability initiatives from both their sides as well as from the side of the suppliers. A focus on the added values through sustainability measures isn undertaken to overcome the activities of low cost competition. Sourcing Strategy: Sourcing Strategy includes; Making or buying Decisions- The services provided by Uncle Brians are either provided directly or are outsourced. The back office activities of the mentioned company are outsourced to some of the leading IT Companies that carry on their operations in Australia. The company drastically improved its revenue within a short span of 2 years by following this following structure (Christopher, 2016). The main aim of the organization is to be one of the top tourism companies of Australia and provide the best services to the customers. Capacity management- Each and every product offered by tourism companies are subject to instability of demand. The company faces problems in the lean season when there is hardly any people to avail the tourist services. The company on the other hand faces shortage of human resources as well as other necessary resources whiles the annual Queensland festival (Scott et al. 2014). The company leases local guides and additional buses to meet the shortfalls in the demand. Manufacturing Management- In tourism, manufacturing component is limited to sectors like food and craft, mementos and other gift items. The service sector is thus an important consideration for the success of the tourism company (Pagell Shevchenko, 2014). Distribution Strategy Distribution strategy is one of the main considerations in Tourism business and the following company is no exception. The distribution strategy helps to improve the organizational performance of the business. The following structure has four divisions namely; One Stage System- Such a system provides direct sales from the primary suppliers to the consumers. Uncle Brians has its own dedicated website where customers can book their seats as well as hotel services. This helps the customers to directly avail the services without the intervention of any third party (Jacobs Chase, 2013). Two Stage System- The travel agent is involved in such a stage as the travelers takes the help of travel agents to book their tour services with Uncle Brians. Three Stage System- This particular stage involves two middlemen like retail agent traveler and wholesaler who makes all the arrangements regarding the tour programs with Uncle Brians. Four Stage System- The particular system involves a retail travel agent, wholesaler and additional middlemen who helps the mentioned tourism company to develop their brand image and improve the customer experience ( Apart from this other components include accommodation, food and other benefits provided to travelers. Sustainability through the Value Chain To achieve proper value chain sustainability it is important to design and pack the products and services of the company in accordance to the environmental rules and regulations. The design aspect of the network of value chain includes the engineering and the production of the material that are to be supplied to the consumers for their consumption. As mentioned earlier the main products of the tourism companies are invisible as they offer tour services to the tourists. It is the duty of the management of Uncle Brians to present the tour programs of the company to the customers in an organized way so that it attracts the attention of a large number of customers (Jacobs Chase, 2013). The company has a competitive advantage in the marketplace given its ability to attract as large number of tourists, revenue earned and many more as such. The purchasing power of Uncle Brians to establish a proper supplier relationship is a very well established fact. However the company has earlier faced a number of problems with the suppliers because of some differences. The management of the company is thus very much focused on avoiding such mistakes in the future. The following issues are however critical to the understanding of the Supply Chain Management of the company ( The mass market industry is generally characterized by a number of standardized products of the company in which purchasing choice is driven by the features of the accommodation and the types of services that are provided by the company (Mangan Lalwani, 2016). But popular studies related to the customer interest in sustainability have revealed that the particular sector is turning out to be a concern for the company. The issues that arise in sustainability in the travel industry are attracting the eyes of financial concerns and are thus being integrated into different legislative rules and regulations. The management of Uncle Brians ensures that the company has a secured future (Mangan Lalw ani, 2016). The company is developing innovative ideas for the conduction of tours in different ways that can attract a lot more customers from its present strength and help the company to earn a healthy amount of profit in the coming days by sustaining the different market forces. References "International Journal Of Integrated Supply Management (IJISM) - Inderscience Publishers." N.p., 2017. Web. 13 Oct. 2017. "International Journal Of Operations Production Management." N.p., 2017. Web. 13 Oct. 2017. "Waterfall Tours Cairns - Uncle Brians Atherton Tours."Uncle Brians Tours. N.p., 2017. Web. 12 Oct. 2017. Ahi, P., Searcy, C. (2013). A comparative literature analysis of definitions for green and sustainable supply chain management.Journal of Cleaner Production,52, 329-341. Christopher, M. (2016).Logistics supply chain management. Pearson UK. Hill, C. W., Jones, G. R., Schilling, M. A. (2014).Strategic management: theory: an integrated approach. Cengage Learning. Jacobs, R., Chase, R. (2013).Operations and supply chain management. McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Mangan, J., Lalwani, C. (2016).Global logistics and supply chain management. John Wiley Sons. Monczka, R. M., Handfield, R. B., Giunipero, L. C., Patterson, J. L. (2015).Purchasing and supply chain management. Cengage Learning. Morschett, D., Schramm-Klein, H., Zentes, J. (2015).Strategic international management. Springer. Pagell, M., Shevchenko, A. (2014). Why research in sustainable supply chain management should have no future.Journal of supply chain management,50(1), 44-55. Peppard, J., Ward, J. (2016).The strategic management of information systems: Building a digital strategy. John Wiley Sons. Processes, Journal. "Journal Of Manufacturing Processes." N.p., 2017. Web. 13 Oct. 2017. Scott, N., Getz, D., Noakes, S., Laws, E. (2014). 7 The Lamington National Park Acontrasts approach to rainforest tourism research.Rainforest tourism, conservation and management: Challenges for sustainable development. Slack, N. (2015).Operations strategy. John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Stadtler, H. (2015). Supply chain management: An overview. InSupply chain management and advanced planning(pp. 3-28). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Touboulic, A., Walker, H. (2015). Theories in sustainable supply chain management: a structured literature review.International Journal of Physical Distribution Logistics Management,45(1/2), 16-42. Wheelen, T. L., Hunger, J. D. (2017).Strategic management and business policy. pearson.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Biography of Alvaro Obregón Salido, Mexican President

Biography of Alvaro Obregà ³n Salido, Mexican President Alvaro Obregà ³n Salido (February 19, 1880–July 17, 1928) was a Mexican farmer, general, president, and one of the key players in the Mexican Revolution. He rose to power because of his military brilliance and because he was the last of the Revolutions â€Å"Big Four† still alive after 1923: Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata, and Venustiano Carranza had all been assassinated. Many historians consider his election as president in 1920 to be the end point of the Revolution, although the violence continued afterward. Fast Facts: Alvaro Obregà ³n Salido Known For:  Farmer, general in the Mexican Revolution, president of MexicoAlso Known As:  Alvaro Obregà ³nBorn:  February 19, 1880 in Huatabampo, Sonora, MexicoParents: Francisco Obregà ³n and Cenobia SalidoDied:  July 17, 1928, just outside Mexico City, MexicoEducation: Elementary educationSpouse: Refugio Urrea, Marà ­a Claudia Tapia MonteverdeChildren: 6 Early Life Alvaro Obregà ³n was born in Huatabampo, Sonora, Mexico. His father Francisco Obregà ³n had lost much of the family wealth when he backed Emperor Maximilian over Benito Jurez during the  French Intervention in Mexico in the 1860s. Francisco died when Alvaro was an infant, so Alvaro was raised by his mother Cenobia Salido. The family had very little money but shared a supportive home life and most of Alvaros siblings became schoolteachers. Alvaro was a hard worker and had the reputation of being a local genius. Although he had to drop out of school, he taught himself many skills, including photography and carpentry. As a young man, he saved enough to buy a failing chickpea farm and turned it into a very profitable endeavor. Alvaro next invented a chickpea harvester, which he began to manufacture and sell to other farmers. Latecomer to the Revolution Unlike most of the other important figures of the Mexican Revolution, Obregà ³n did not oppose dictator Porfirio Dà ­az early on. Obregà ³n watched the early stages of the Revolution from the sidelines in Sonora and, once he had joined, Revolutionaries often accused him of being an opportunistic latecomer. By the time Obregà ³n became a Revolutionary, Dà ­az had been ousted, the Revolutions chief instigator Francisco I. Madero was president, and the Revolutionary warlords and factions were already beginning to turn on one another. The violence among the Revolutionary factions was to last more than 10 years, in what was to be a constant succession of temporary alliances and betrayals. Early Military Success Obregà ³n became involved in 1912, two years into the Revolution, on behalf of President Francisco I. Madero, who was fighting the army of Maderos former Revolutionary ally Pascual Orozco in the north. Obregà ³n recruited a force of some 300 soldiers and joined the command of General Agustà ­n Sangines. The general, impressed by the clever young Sonoran, quickly promoted him to colonel. Obregà ³n defeated a force of Orozquistas at the Battle of San Joaquà ­n under General Josà © Inà ©s Salazar. Shortly thereafter Orozco fled to the United States, leaving his forces in disarray. Obregà ³n returned to his chickpea farm. Obregà ³n Against Huerta When Madero was deposed and executed by Victoriano Huerta in February of 1913, Obregà ³n once again took up arms, this time against the new dictator and his federal forces. Obregà ³n offered his services to the government of the State of Sonora. Obregà ³n proved himself to be a very skilled general and his army captured towns from the federal forces all over Sonora. His ranks swelled with recruits and deserting federal soldiers and by the summer of 1913, Obregà ³n was the most important military figure in Sonora. Obregà ³n Joins With Carranza When Revolutionary leader Venustiano Carranzas battered army straggled into Sonora, Obregà ³n welcomed them. For this, First Chief Carranza made Obregà ³n supreme military commander of all Revolutionary forces in the northwest in September 1913. Obregà ³n didnt know what to make of Carranza, a long-bearded patriarch who had boldly appointed himself First Chief of the Revolution. Obregà ³n saw, however, that Carranza had skills and connections that he did not possess, and he decided to ally himself with â€Å"the bearded one.† This was a savvy move for both of them, as the Carranza-Obregà ³n alliance defeated first Huerta and then Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata before disintegrating in 1920. Obregà ³ns Skills and Ingenuity Obregà ³n was a skilled negotiator and diplomat. He was even able to recruit rebellious Yaqui Indians, assuring them that he would work to give them back their land. They became valuable troops for his army. He proved his military skill countless times, devastating Huertas forces wherever he found them. During the lull in the fighting in the winter of 1913–1914, Obregà ³n modernized his army, importing techniques from recent conflicts such as the Boer Wars. He was a pioneer in the use of trenches, barbed wire, and foxholes. In mid-1914, Obregà ³n purchased airplanes from the United States and used them to attack federal forces and gunboats. This was one of the first uses of airplanes for warfare and it was very effective, although somewhat impractical at the time. Victory Over Huertas Federal Army On June 23, Villas army annihilated Huertas federal army at the Battle of Zacatecas. Out of some 12,000 federal troops in Zacatecas that morning, only about 300 staggered into neighboring Aguascalientes over the next couple of days. Desperately wanting to beat competing Revolutionary Pancho Villa to Mexico City, Obregà ³n routed the federal troops at the Battle of Orendain and captured Guadalajara on July 8. Surrounded, Huerta resigned on July 15, and Obregà ³n beat Villa to the gates of Mexico City, which he took for Carranza on August 11. Obregà ³n Meets With Pancho Villa With Huerta gone, it was up to the victors to try and put Mexico back together. Obregà ³n visited Pancho Villa on two occasions in August and September 1914, but Villa caught the Sonoran scheming behind his back and held Obregà ³n for a few days, threatening to execute him. He eventually let Obregà ³n go, but the incident convinced Obregà ³n that Villa was a loose cannon who needed to be eliminated. Obregà ³n returned to Mexico City and renewed his alliance with Carranza. The Convention of Aguascalientes In October, the victorious authors of the Revolution against Huerta met at the Convention of Aguascalientes. There were 57 generals and 95  officers  in attendance. Villa, Carranza, and Emiliano Zapata sent representatives, but Obregà ³n came personally. The convention lasted about a month and was very chaotic. Carranzas representatives insisted on nothing less than absolute power for the bearded one and refused to budge. Zapatas people insisted that the convention accept the radical land reform of the Plan of Ayala. Villas delegation was comprised of men whose personal goals were often conflicting, and although they were willing to compromise for peace, they reported that Villa would never accept Carranza as president. Obregà ³n Wins and Carranza Loses Obregà ³n was the big winner at the convention. As the only one of the â€Å"big four† to show up, he had the chance to meet the officers of his rivals. Many of these officers were impressed by the clever, self-effacing Sonoran. These officers retained their positive image of him even when some of them fought him later. Some joined him immediately. The big loser was Carranza because the Convention eventually voted to remove him as First Chief of the Revolution. The convention elected Eulalio Gutià ©rrez as president, who told Carranza to resign. Carranza refused and Gutià ©rrez declared him a rebel. Gutià ©rrez placed Pancho Villa in charge of defeating him, a duty Villa was eager to perform. Obregà ³n had gone to the Convention truly hoping for a compromise acceptable to everyone and an end to the bloodshed. He was now forced to choose between Carranza and Villa. He chose  Carranza and took many of the convention delegates with him. Obregà ³n Against Villa Carranza shrewdly sent Obregà ³n after Villa. Obregà ³n was his best general and the only one capable of beating the powerful Villa. Moreover, Carranza cunningly knew that there was a possibility that Obregà ³n himself could fall in the battle, which would remove one of Carranzas more formidable rivals for power. In early 1915, Villas forces, divided up under different generals, dominated the north. In April, Obregà ³n, now commanding the best of the federal forces, moved to meet Villa, digging in outside the town of Celaya. The Battle of Celaya Villa took the bait and attacked Obregà ³n, who had dug trenches and placed machine guns. Villa responded with one of the old-fashioned cavalry charges which had won him so many battles early in the Revolution. Obregà ³ns modern machine guns, entrenched  soldiers,  and barbed wire halted Villas horsemen. The battle raged for two days before Villa was driven back. He attacked again a week later, and the results were even more devastating. In the end, Obregà ³n completely routed Villa at the Battle of Celaya. The Battles of Trinidad and Agua Prieta Giving chase, Obregà ³n caught up to Villa once again at Trinidad. The Battle of Trinidad lasted 38 days and claimed thousands of lives on both sides. One additional casualty was Obregà ³ns right arm, which was severed above the elbow by an artillery shell. Surgeons barely managed to save his life. Trinidad was another major victory for Obregà ³n. Villa, his army in tatters, retreated to Sonora, where forces loyal to Carranza defeated him at the battle of Agua Prieta. By the end of 1915, Villas once-proud Division of the North was in ruins. The soldiers  had scattered, the generals had retired or defected, and Villa himself had gone back into the mountains with only a few hundred men. Obregà ³n and Carranza With the threat of Villa all but gone, Obregà ³n assumed the post of minister of war in Carranzas cabinet. While he was outwardly loyal to Carranza, Obregà ³n was still very ambitious. As minister of war, he attempted to modernize the army and took part in defeating the same rebellious Yaqui Indians who had supported him earlier in the Revolution. In early 1917, the new constitution was ratified and Carranza was elected president. Obregà ³n retired once again to his  chickpea  ranch  but kept a close eye on events in Mexico City. He stayed out of Carranzas way, but with the understanding that Obregà ³n would be the next president of Mexico. Prosperity and a Return to Politics With the clever, hard-working Obregà ³n back in charge, his ranch and businesses flourished. Obregà ³n branched out into mining and an import-export business. He employed more than 1,500 workers and was well-liked and respected in Sonora and elsewhere. In June 1919, Obregà ³n announced that he would run for president in the 1920 elections. Carranza, who did not personally like nor trust Obregà ³n, immediately began working against him. Carranza claimed that he thought Mexico should have a civilian president, not a military one. He had in fact already picked his own successor, Ignacio Bonillas. Obregà ³n Against Carranza Carranza had made a huge mistake by reneging on his informal deal with Obregà ³n, who had kept his side of the bargain and stayed out of Carranzas way from 1917–1919. Obregà ³ns candidacy immediately drew support from important sectors of society. The military loved Obregà ³n, as did the middle class (whom he represented) and the poor (who had been betrayed by Carranza). He was also popular with intellectuals like Josà © Vasconcelos, who saw him as the one man with the clout and charisma to bring peace to Mexico. Carranza then made a second tactical error. He decided to fight the swelling tide of pro-Obregà ³n sentiment and stripped Obregà ³n of his military rank. The majority of people in Mexico saw this act as petty, ungrateful, and purely political. The situation got increasingly tense and reminded some observers of the pre-Revolution Mexico of 1910. An old,  stolid  politician was refusing to allow a fair election, challenged by a younger man with new ideas. Carranza decided that he could never beat Obregà ³n in an election and he ordered the army to attack. Obregà ³n quickly raised an army in Sonora even as other generals around the nation defected to his cause. The Revolution Ends Carranza, desperate to get to Veracruz where he could rally his support, departed Mexico City in a train loaded with gold, advisors, and sycophants. Quickly, forces loyal to Obregà ³n attacked the train, forcing the party to flee overland. Carranza and a handful of survivors of the so-called â€Å"Golden Train† accepted sanctuary in May 1920 at the town of Tlaxcalantongo from local warlord Rodolfo Herrera. Herrera betrayed Carranza, shooting and killing him and his closest advisers as they slept in a tent. Herrera, who had switched alliances to Obregà ³n, was put on trial but acquitted. With Carranza gone, Adolfo de la Huerta became provisional  president  and brokered a peace deal with the resurgent Villa. When the deal was formalized (over Obregà ³ns objections) the Mexican Revolution was officially over. Obregà ³n was easily elected president in September 1920. First Presidency Obregà ³n proved to be an able president. He continued making peace with those who had fought against him in the  Revolution  and instituted land and education reforms. He also cultivated ties with the United States and did much to restore Mexicos shattered economy, including rebuilding the oil industry. Obregà ³n still feared Villa, however, who was newly retired in the north. Villa was the one man who could still raise an army large enough to defeat Obregà ³ns federales. Obregà ³n  had him assassinated  in 1923. More Conflict The peace of the first part of Obregà ³ns presidency was shattered in 1923, however, when Adolfo de la Huerta decided to run for president in 1924. Obregà ³n favored Plutarco Elà ­as Calles. The two factions went to war, and Obregà ³n and Calles destroyed de la Huertas faction. They were beaten militarily and many officers and leaders were executed, including several important former friends and allies of Obregà ³n. De la Huerta was forced into exile. All opposition crushed, Calles easily won the presidency. Obregà ³n once more retired to his ranch. Second Presidency In 1927, Obregà ³n decided he wanted to be president once again. Congress cleared the way for him to do so legally and he began to campaign. Although the military still supported him, he had lost the support of the common man as well as the intellectuals, who saw him as a ruthless monster. The Catholic Church also opposed him, since Obregà ³n was violently anti-clerical. Obregà ³n would not be denied, however. His two opponents were General Arnulfo Gà ³mez and an old personal friend and brother-in-arms, Francisco Serrano. When they plotted to have him arrested, he ordered their capture and sent them both to the firing squad. The nations leaders were thoroughly intimidated by Obregà ³n; many  thought he  had gone mad. Death In July 1928, Obregà ³n was declared president for a four-year term. But his second presidency was to be very short indeed. On July 17, 1928, a Catholic fanatic named Josà © de Leà ³n Toral assassinated Obregà ³n just outside of Mexico City. Toral was executed a few days later. Legacy Obregà ³n may have arrived late to the Mexican Revolution, but by its end he had made his way to the top, becoming the most powerful man in Mexico. As a Revolutionary warlord, historians deem him to be neither the cruelest nor the most humane. He was, most agree, clearly the most clever and effective. Obregà ³n created lasting impacts on Mexican history with the important decisions he made while in the field. Had he sided with Villa instead of Carranza after the Convention of Aguascalientes, todays Mexico could well be quite different. Obregà ³ns presidency was remarkably split. He at first used the time to bring some much-needed peace and reform to Mexico. Then he himself shattered the same peace he had created with his tyrannical obsession to get his own successor elected and, finally, to return to power personally. His governing ability did not match his military skills. Mexico would not get the clear-headed leadership that it desperately needed until 10 years later, with the administration of President  Lzaro Crdenas. In Mexican lore, Obregà ³n is not beloved like Villa, idolized like Zapata, or despised like Huerta. Today, most Mexicans understand Obregà ³n as the man who came out on top after the Revolution simply because he outlasted the others. This assessment overlooks how much skill, cunning, and brutality he used to assure that he survived. The rise to power of this brilliant and charismatic general can be attributed to both his ruthlessness and his unmatched effectiveness. Sources Buchenau, Jà ¼rgen. The Last Caudillo: Alvaro Obregà ³n and the Mexican Revolution. Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.McLynn,  Frank. Villa and Zapata: A History of the Mexican Revolution.  Carroll and Graf, 2000.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Walt Disneys Company Strategy

Walt Disneys Company Strategy Introduction This report reflects some of the important findings in terms of strategy, organizational behaviour as well as recommendations that should be put in place for further growth. Walt Disney has been in the forefront of the entertainment industry especially in its four consumer markets namely: Studio and Motion pictures, media networks, consumer products and theme parks and resorts.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Walt Disneys Company Strategy specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This report further identifies some of the strengths and weaknesses that befall Walt Disney even with such glory. There are also some threats and opportunities that face this giant company. This report also analyzes the strategic goal of Walt Disney, especially in terms of product positioning, segmentation, pricing, channelling and also promotion. The recommendations that are outlined in the end will enable this company to prepare itsel f in dealing with the present threats as well as those that might come up in the future. Company History Walt Disney was established by Walter Elias in the early 1920’s and began as a cartoon studio until its growth to a global corporation. This company provides high class entertainment for people around the world. Walt Disney owns massive networks of media together with parks all over the world and operates mainly in North America, Asia, Europe as well as Latin America. This company has a strong brand image that enables it to draw huge numbers of customers especially to the extended entertainment products. This is a world class entertainment company with over 180,000 shareholders and employs about 60 thousand employees. Walt Disney has over the years relied on market diversification to achieve its main goal which is to draw more customers. This has enabled the company to grow massively developing from development, marketing as well as research (Jones 273). Walt Disney has be en able to enjoy the benefits of en masse production since it has been a market leader. An example would be when this company utilized extreme amounts of money to invest in its European theme park. It is estimated that the amount totalled to about $3.6 billion, which is a huge amount for other companies to afford. Walt Disney also enjoys the involvement of the government policy which is also demanding.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is estimated that the French government at one point invested about $1.2 billion in this project, provided transport as well as tax relief on cost of goods estimated to be 7 percent from the previous 18.6 percent. Since the entertainment industry in Disney is designed in a unique way, suppliers are less dominated hence bringing up concentration (Jones 274). Its growth is basically drawn from its size. The company is able to establi sh a dependable relationship with its suppliers since it orders products in large quantities. The Disney Company has been able to compete tirelessly with competitors by upgrading all products as well as services to fit customers’ expectations. Internal strength and weaknesses Walt Disney is one of the Hollywood’s largest studios, owning about eleven theme parks as well as other product channels. It owns media networks, theme parks and resorts all embedded in the company’s strong brand. However, there are other aspects like competition that affect its operations in terms of pricing, which leads to low margins. Some of the internal strengths include widened product portfolio, well established brand image as well as wells of Disney’s competitors include Universal Studios which has massive targets in Disney’s customers (Clark 5). Another weakness that Walt Disney has is the protest by some of the religious groups. Some of them claimed that the material s released by the company were offensive. Walt Disney also lacks innovative ideas that would work towards retaining customer’s attention. There have also been some negative sexual implications especially in some animated movies such as â€Å"The Lion King† and â€Å"Aladdin†, among others. External environment surrounding Walt Disney External Environment (p 1) states that Walt Disney is surrounded by competitors who are mainly saturated in the market especially in the U.S. Examples include Busch Entertainment which has equivalent financial resources to Walt Disney. However, with the demanding capital to enter the entertainment industry, Walt Disney finds itself comfortable with less competition. The corporate hierarchical structure of Walt Disney is stable, with decisions made from top to bottom management. The middle management is the one responsible for carrying out the available projects with the help from the lower management. The culture of the corporation is well defined where all employees must adhere to (External Environment 4). Disney has remarkable quantity of resources that are available for allocation. This is where Walt Disney associates with its brand name and quality to promote their products and services. The main financial objective of Walt Disney is to diversify in a tremendous rate so as to maximize their shareholder equity returns. Another strength that Walt Disney boasts about is the proper organization of its logistics operations, HR management, as well as Information Systems. Walt Disney has been able to grow over the years because the management has been in a unique position in the industry. They have been able to relate to past experience, thereby identifying the customers’ expectations.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More SWOT Analysis of Walt Disney Though Walt Disney has since grown to be a successful company, it is clear that there are market forces that drag or affect its performance. This analysis will focus on strengths of this company as well as weaknesses, not forgetting the possible opportunities and threats that befall this company. Strengths The main strength of Walt Disney is stored in its brand name. This company has a famous brand that is known to almost every one around the world. This strength is basically drawn from the company’s objective to be the world’s leading entertainment provider, differentiating its products and services from the competitors’. The Disney brand focuses on vibrant characters like Mickey Mouse, Pooh, just to mention a few, to attract customers especially children. Marimax studios together with that of Pixar have been beneficial to the company in reaching a large base of characters as well as attracting more brands (Clark 2). Disney has alwa ys focused on low-cost strategy which has enabled them to stay in the market for a while. It is clear that a company must have new and fresh ideas to stay in the current environment of business. This company is able to control costs and at the same time provide goods and services of high quality. Weaknesses The large workforce in the corporation has been one of the setbacks of this company, not forgetting lofty overhead expenses. Frequently changing the management system interferes with company’s operations because sometimes it becomes more complicated. One should also not forget that this change will always be associated with unwanted expenses. Threats The main threat that faces Walt Disney is within its television network. TBS (Tuner Broadcasting System) has mounted much pressure that Walt Disney cannot handle. It is also important to note that in the business environment, competition is inevitable even if there are high costs involved. There are small companies that risk i t all in order to fit in the market (The Walt Disney Company 9). One threat in the Disney’s cartoon industry is the introduction of new cartoon characters. There are quite a number of new characters that are seen everyday in the Television Network. This brings us to the question, â€Å"will the characters like Mickey Mouse hold the pressure internationally?† This can only be determined by observing the industry carefully. Walt Disney also faces major threats of its security system due to issues of terrorism. Employees also have the threat of losing their jobs because the company frequently engages in acts of introducing new executives. Opportunities Focusing on this SWT analysis, it is evident that Walt Disney uses demographic segmentation as its strategy. In today’s market, it would be important for this company to conduct psychographic strategy in order to increase the volume of customers. Corporate and Business Level Strategy Walt Disney is currently using an informal management approach which is horizontal and decentralized. The available departments are responsible for bringing up new ideas which are considered in the low hierarchy awaiting final decisions. The main focus of the management is on collective creativity of the groups as well as team work. Walt Disney has set aside a special Sunday when all the creative individuals meet in order to share their ideas (The Walt Disney Company 16). Every employee in this meeting is supposed to participate and pass on his or her ideas to the rest of the team. Walt Disney has also benefited from the services of the executives that are brought in by employees of the top management. These executives bring with them significant ideas and experience earned from previous entertainment industry to Walt Disney (The Walt Disney Company 19). Walt Disney uses emergent strategies which are not specifically planned. In this strategy, ideas come from the lower to the top management without the intervention of the seniors. This is one of the best strategies to be used by companies because many people can combine ideas to come up with a concrete strategy. Since Walt Disney has the intention of targeting families that love entertainment, it is strongly recommended that they cater for the ever changing trends as well as people’s life-styles. The success of Walt Disney has been in the vision of customers’ value. Walt Disney has been able to visualize the expected results and work upon achieving the best. The other principle of Walt Disney’s success is the ability to demonstrate leadership courage. Disney was able to portray his visions which inspired other people’s ambitions. He operated by trading values for values with those who felt the need to benefit from the corporation (Linetsky 3). Walt Disney also operates to provide the best quality. This is one of the ways that enables a company to establish long-term relationships with customers. The third principle used by Walt Disney is to be perfect in all possible ways without compromising the quality of the products and services. Disney is a profound perfectionist and wanted his ideas to work in every means. All his standards are set high because they demonstrate high moral value. Along with his standards, he also considered the costs of achieving as well as failing to achieve them. Disney maintained his high standards because they were the guide to his success. In some cases, Disney had to engage in some arguments with his employees and even family members in order to preserve the integrity of his standards. The fourth principle was about money. Disney believed that money was not an end but rather a means. He valued money as a source of financing his ventures and this made him achieve meaningful results (Linetsky 4). The fifth principle is exceeding the expectations of the customers. Disney ensured that his company created a positive customer experience so as to achieve great results. He believed that the most important achievement a company could have is have highly satisfied customers. The other principle was to create experiences that are much valued through the design of the entire business. This can be witnessed by the success and design of Disneyland. Its design took much planning techniques that later contributed to the present relaxing and refreshing experience. The excellent designs are also clearly demonstrated in Walt Disney’s film and park industries (Linetsky 5). The seventh principle was all about treating minds with total respect. In this aspect, Disney made use of the ideas of his employees to achieve his intended goals. He created a favourable working environment that enabled people to exchange ideas for better growth of the company. The eighth principle was all about treasuring creativity. Disney believed that dreams were creative and that it is important to translate them in real life. The last principle that worked for Disney was to think from all direction. Walt encouraged his workers to think and come up with developing ideas. At some point, he used sketches to implement his thoughts and dreams so that his workers could have a clear understanding of his ideas. He was actually comprehensive of those contributing ideas as well as insights (Linetsky 7). Structure and Control Systems Walt Disney has been profitable due to its use of diversification. Disney also uses synergy effectively as well as employee relation (Kirkman 1). These aspects have made this corporation to stay on top of the niche market. According to the analysis and prospects of Disney, it is clear that they are on the verge of competing with giants like Yahoo and the rest. The ability of Walt Disney to link innovative creativity to meet customer expectations is what makes him prevail in the entertainment industry. Converting imagination to real life or physical existence positively influences other people. Disney has been on the list of people who are responsible for technological and organizational innovations in animation as well as film industry (Dilts 1). Recommendations The first recommendation that I would strongly suggest is that Walt Disney should expand their line of production by engaging in market segmentation. This can be done through psychographic as well as observing the lifestyle characteristics of the customers. I strongly believe that Walt Disney can greatly benefit if it ventures into other industries like fast foods. Using the brand name Disney, they can attract a large group of customers especially kids. Walt Disney can as well consider introducing online learning software where children can learn more about animation. Walt Disney should as well analyze all the financial capabilities as well as policies that are implemented in the organization. This can be done through trend analysis in order to determine the financial growth of the corporation. There is also another aspect to be monitored further which is li quidity. This can be used to indicate the capability of the firm to meet its obligations; both short term and long term. Another change that would be necessary for the company’s profitability is to avoid the frequent change of the management. Though new executives bring with them new concepts, this posses a great risk in terms of communication efficiency within the organization. It is important that Walt Disney should focus on promoting the existing employees. This is simply because they understand the rules and the regulations of the company as well as capabilities of the other employees. It would also be important for Walt Disney to specialize in providing consumer products as well as rely on its marketing strategy. They should not only think of diversifying into a new line of products, but concentrate on the existing products and services as well. Walt Disney should put much emphasis on divisions such as the theme parks as well as film entertainment. This will avoid the ri sk of engaging in those markets that do not address customers’ needs in terms of products and services. I would also recommend that the company increases its asset requirements and maintain them under strict control. In terms of product delivery, it would be wise for Walt Disney to establish its own distribution channels. This can be done through channel strategy, delivering services and products to its esteemed customers. Promotional campaigns are also important which would see products expanded all over the market (Ali 19). Since Walt Disney is a multinational corporation, I strongly believe that they have the capability to financially promote their campaign programs. They can have large promotional budgets since they have their own line of media, hence saving costs of running ads on other media. The issue about pricing can as well be closely monitored so as to cater for a large number of customers. The pricing strategy should in fact focus on the Kim line of products (Ali 21). Ali, Shabir. Analysis of case: Walt Disney. 2009. Web. Clark, Wendel. â€Å"Walt Disney world SWOT analysis.† Demand Media Inc., n.d. Web. Dilts, Robert. Walt Disney: Strategies and genius, volume 3. Santa Cruz, CA: Meta Publication, 1996. Print. External Environment. Opportunities and threats. Scribd Inc. 2012. Web. Jones, R. Gareth. Case 21: Walt Disney Company 1995-2009. p. C273-C283, 2009. Print. Kirkman, Christopher. Strategy analysis of the Walt Disney Company. 2001. Web. Lai, Wilfred. Mixed opinions and less support persist with Hong Kong Disneyland. 2008. Web. Linetsky, L. Barry. Nine principles of Walt Disney success. 2007. Web. Media Releases. Residents have mixed opinions towards Hong Kong Disneyland. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 2006. Web. The Walt Disney Company. A case study. 1996. Web.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Observation is a crucial element in ensuring successful provision for Essay

Observation is a crucial element in ensuring successful provision for children in the early years setting. Detail the key elements necessary to maximize the eff - Essay Example The causes of many problems, which parents and teachers face (the lowered cognitive activity, infringements in communication, restraint and the heightened shyness, or on the contrary, aggression and hyperactivity of children, etc.), lay in the early childhood. As matter of fact correction of these deformations at preschool and school age represents essential difficulties and demands much greater efforts and expenses, than their timely prevention. High-grade development of a child in the early years setting demands an adequate and qualified psychological and pedagogical support from the professionals possessing corresponding qualification. However, nowadays there is a certain deficiency of such experts (psychologists and teachers) able to work with small children. Today a great attention is paid to a principle of the account of individuality of each child. This principle predetermines the corresponding approach to education, especially in the age of from 3 till 7 years. At first sight, all children of the same age seem similar to each other, but at detailed observation over each of them, we are able to consider born or got particular features or deviations in their development. Some of them may and should be corrected and, on the contrary, observers should provide the best development to positive qualities of a child. Not all adults working with children are involved in formal observation of the children. However, â€Å"all are observing and making judgments on a daily basis. Structured, purposeful observation is a vital tool for the educator. Through observation we can not only monitor young children and their learning, but we can monitor our own actions and reactions to situations† (Sutherland, 2005, p. 22). Observation is one of the most widespread and accessible method of studying of children in early years setting development. Scientific observation is understood as a specially organized perception of